Name: Grace Patricia Kelly

Birth Date: November 12, 1929

Birth Place: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

Died:September 14, 1982 in Monaco in a car accident

Profession: Actress

Notable Works: Rear Window, To Catch a Thief

Biography

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Both literally and metaphorically, Grace Kelly was the cinema's fairy-tale princess; beautiful, elegant, and impossibly glamorous, she transcended the limits of Hollywood aristocracy to attain the power and glory of true royalty. Born November 12, 1929, in Philadelphia, PA, her father was a wealthy industrialist while her mother was a onetime cover girl. Her uncle, George Kelly, was the Pulitzer Prize-winning dramatist behind the plays The Show-Off and Craig's Wife. At the age of ten, she made her own theatrical debut in a Philadelphia-area production, and in her late teens she moved to New York, where she worked as a model while attending the American Academy of Dramatic Arts. After turning down a Hollywood contract for fear of being typecast as a starlet, Kelly began to work in television, and in 1949 she made her Broadway debut in a revival of August Strindberg's The Father. When Hollywood again came calling, she accepted and was soon cast in a bit part in 1951's Fourteen Hours.

In just her second screen appearance, Kelly co-starred in a certifiable classic, the 1952 Western High Noon. Curiously, however, she did not benefit from the film's success, and no other offers were immediately forthcoming. She agreed to a screen test for a role in Taxi! but was rejected in favor of Constance Smith. However, the screen test found its way to director John Ford, who tapped her for 1953's Mogambo. The result was a seven-year contract with MGM, as well as a Best Supporting Actress Oscar nomination. Alfred Hitchcock then enlisted Kelly's services for a pair of 1954 films, Dial M for Murder and the brilliant Rear Window; it was said that she was the perfect blonde the master director had been seeking throughout his career. She was now a major star, and when actress Jennifer Jones became unexpectedly pregnant, Paramount begged MGM to allow Kelly to take her place in 1954's The Country Girl. The studio initially refused, but she successfully battled for the role. The result was a Best Actress Oscar.

               

After starring in MGM's Green Fire, Kelly teamed with Hitchcock for the third and final time on 1955's To Catch a Thief. While filming on the French Riviera, she met Prince Rainier III of Monaco, and the two began a romance which was soon making international headlines. After starring in 1956's High Society, a musical update of The Philadelphia Story, and a remake of the onetime Lillian Gish vehicle The Swan, Kelly announced her pending marriage to Rainier. She also announced her retirement from filmmaking to devote her full energies to her new duties as Princess of Monaco. A lavish wedding soon followed, and although it was announced in 1962 that she was to return to Hollywood to star in Hitchcock's Marnie, she later withdrew from the project and never acted again. Grace Kelly died September 14, 1982, in an auto accident after suffering a heart attack while driving.

~ Jason Ankeny, All Movie Guide




Filmography

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Rearranged (1982)
Children of Theatre Street, The (1977) .... Narrator
Monte Carlo: C'est La Rose (1968)(as Princess Grace of Monaco) .... Herself
Poppies Are Also Flowers (1966)(as Princess Grace) .... Host
Invitation to Monte Carlo (1959) .... Herself
Wedding in Monaco, The (1956) .... Subject
High Society (1956) .... Tracy Samantha Lord
Swan, The (1956) .... Princess Alexandra
To Catch a Thief (1955) .... Frances Stevens
Bridges at Toko-Ri, The (1955) .... Nancy Brubaker
Green Fire (1954) .... Catherine Knowland
Country Girl, The (1954) .... Georgie Elgin
Rear Window (1954) .... Lisa Carol Fremont
Dial M for Murder (1954) .... Margot Mary Wendice
Mogambo (1953) .... Linda Nordley
High Noon (1952) .... Amy (Fowler) Kane
Don Quixote (1952) (TV) .... Dulcinea
Fourteen Hours (1951) .... Mrs. Fuller



Trivia

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-Married to Prince Rainier of Monaco (19 April 1956 - 14 September 1982) (her death) 3 children

-Part of Prince Ranier's attraction to marrying a movie star was to increase tourism in his tiny, cash-poor principality, and the Kelly family was turned off by his demands that a substantial dowry accompany Grace to Monaco. A figure of $2,000,000 was finally agreed upon, which was diverted from Grace's inheritance so that her brother and two sisters wouldn't be shortchanged.

-She has three children with Prince Rainer, Princess Caroline (1957), Prince Albert (1958) and Princess Stephanie (1966).

-When she left Hollywood, Lauren Bacall eventually filled several roles she was slated to play. ("Designing Woman" and "The Cobweb"). Director George Stevens also wanted her for "Giant" (1956)

-Hoped to return to acting in Alfred Hitchcock's Marnie (1964), but the people of Monaco didn't want their princess playing a thief and romancing Sean Connery.

-Her movies are banned in Monaco by order of Prince Ranier.

-The inscription at her burial site in Monaco's cathedral does not refer to her as a princess. It uses the title "uxor principis" (prince's wife), which is traditional in the House of Grimaldi.